How to take care of your face?

It is believed that fine feathers make fine birds. In other words, people who surround you tend to judge you by your face. Therefore, do not allow them to think that you do not know how to take care of yourself.

THE IRON RULES OF SKIN CARE

What is the most important thing about care?

First of all, you should protect your skin from the harmful influence of environment, particularly ultraviolet radiation which results in the biggest damage to your skin. Adverse changes start accumulating in it, which increases ageing development. Pollution and solar radiation are the very main causes as to why your skin begins ageing too early.

What are the golden rules of care?

Every day, use a moisturizing cream which also contains such antioxidants as vitamins C, E or A. What is more, never forget to apply a cream with a filter, too. Use this cream during cloudy days, even in winter! For washing, use only soft preparations which will not irritate and dry your skin.

Do the same rules apply to sensitive skin?

Yes, they do. However, as far as sensitive skin is concerned, odourless creams containing a great number of emollients turn out best. A good serum is also highly recommended because this cosmetic causes fewer irritations than a cream. Before you apply a new cosmetic, do not forget to put it on the skin behind your ear. If your skin begins to burn or redden, you need to stop using this product.

What common mistakes do you make during care?

Young women tend to apply too aggressive peeling. What is more, they also take advantage of highly irritating peeling or laser treatments provided by aesthetic dermatology surgeries too frequently. This makes their skin weak, which is why it copes with pollution and radiation worse.

Can applying a cream make your skin indolent?

No, it cannot. However, you should not overuse products which contain a high concentration of vitamin C, for example. If you constantly use such preparations, this vitamin will have a reverse effect instead of the anti-oxidizing one.

Which concentrations to look for in creams?

Vitamins have an anti-oxidizing effect in the concentrations of 1 per cent or fewer. You will need a similar amount to trigger such effects as the lightening of skin or the synthesis of collagen, for example.
Before you choose proper cosmetics for care, you need to determine the type of your skin first. Four basic types of skin may be distinguished.

NORMAL SKIN

Adults have normal skin very rarely, however, it is usually found in case of children up to 12 years old. This type of skin may be distinguished by its perfect look; it is also pink, supple, matt and taut. What is more, it does not peel off. You will not notice any blood vessels, blackheads or spots. It also responds well to atmospheric conditions such as sun, frost and wind.

DRY SKIN

Dry skin is usually described as being chapped and rough, while its epidermis peels off and the skin itself does not shine. What is more, it is so thin that you may even notice blood vessels. Not only is dry skin not springy and flexible enough as well as hard to the touch, but also it appears to be very sensitive, matt, taut and of a bright colour. You make your skin dry unconsciously by sunbathing for too long, stress, an improper care, an improper diet poor in vegetable fats as well as slimming down. Moreover, your skin becomes rough
due to long and hot baths, the use of solarium and the overuse of moisturizing products. Dry skin ages fast, hence you may notice first wrinkles near your mouth, eyes and neck when you are barely 20 years old. Therefore, you need to start taking care of your skin even when you are still very young.

GREASY SKIN

Greasy skin is characterised by its grey and yellow colours. It is also shiny and thick, and
the blood circulation is quite poor. If you take a closer look at your skin, you will notice
the outlets of oil glands. What is more, this type of skin is usually pale and full of blackheads. It responds well to atmospheric conditions as well as cosmetics and soap, however, greasy skin is exposed to such issues as acne and pimples. Stress, hormonal disturbances and digestive system disorders have a negative impact on the look of your skin, too. However, you may also appreciate its good points as this type of skin does not become dry and wrinkles appear very late.

MIXED SKIN

Mixed skin appears to be a combination of dry and greasy skin. This type of skin usually shines in the area of your forehead, nose and chin, while your cheeks remain dry.
A proper care takes much time because skin issues are twice as large. What is more, you may also spot acne as well as wrinkles which start appearing very fast.

CARE AT THE AGE OF 20

Being a 20-year-old is the perfect moment to start taking care of your skin as prevention is better than cure. As this proverb suggests, the way in which you take care of your skin will influence its look in your mature years. When you are 20 years old, you skin is smooth, soft and supple. In other words, it is in a very good condition. What is more, acne does not usually appear, however, you may sometimes notice seborrhoea and first mimic wrinkles. Therefore, it seems worth developing some care habits which will contribute to the healthy look of your skin in the future.
First of all, you should moisturize and protect your skin. It needs such preparations that will moisturize it and retain water. What is more, you should also use cosmetics wtih vitamins and nutritious substances which will regenerate your skin. Therefore, always choose cosmetics which include both collagen and ceramides. Collagen will protect your skin from becoming dry, while ceramides will prevent it from harmful weather conditions and water loss. Moreover, you should also pay a special attention to the skin near your eyes because it is particularly thin and sensitive, hence it will usually reveal your age.

In addition, you should use proper moisturizing creams every evening, preferably those containing vitamins A and E as well as vegetable oils which reveal an anti-wrinkles effect and prevent wrinkles from developing. You should also learn to wash your face with boiled water. Do not use soap because it additionally dries and irritates your skin. Moreover, you should remove your make-up every day since this particular habit will contribute to your skin being radiant and clean. In order to do that, you need to apply suitable cosmetics, namely special cleansing milks, skin tonics, foam or gels.
While removing your make-up, do not rub your eyes because a cosmetic may enter them and cause stinging. If you are 20 years old, you may experiment with your make-up a little bit. You do not have to use heavy foundations to conceal the youthful look of your face or hide wrinkles too much. Both naturalness and charm should constitute the basis of your make-up, so do not use too many cosmetics as you may make yourself look much older than you actually are. During a day, you will only need a matte face powder, slightly shining rouge, mascara and a lipgloss. In the evening, you may have a bit stronger make-up and paint your eyelids in violet or apply more mascara to your eyelashes.

FOR 30-YEAR OLD’S

In your thirties, your skin does not regenerate that fast any more. Also, also it is more delicate and less flexible. What is more, you may spot wrinkles on your forehead and near your eyes, as well as dilating blood vessels. Your skin is also no longer radiant. It becomes more matte, more reddened and even drier. You may also notice a decrease in the level of collagen which is responsible for keeping a proper level of moistness in your skin. Therefore, it becomes less supple and less springy.
If you are 30 years old, you should continue carrying out treatments which will contribute to moisturizing your skin. Not only do cosmetics have to provide your skin with moistness, but also they have to retain it in your skin. For a day, use creams with filters which will bind water in your skin and prevent this water from evaporating. Such products should also contain such additions as urea, lactic acid, amino acids or fruit acids.
In the mornings and evenings, apply eye or neck creams. For a night, use greasing products
as well as fatty and semi-fatty creams which contain ceramides and fatty acids, preferably those included in vegetable oils. What is more, you may also use nourishing masks for your face, neck and shoulders twice a week. Peeling may also work well because it will help you remove the calloused cells of your epidermis, clean your skin and restore its healthy and radiant look. If you are in your thirties, you should spend less time sunbathing as it may result in permanent skin discolorations on your face, neck, shoulders and hands.

Price is not the most important…
Do not buy cosmetics by taking into consideration their price only. If you would like to buy an anti-wrinkle cream, choose such which contains nutrients and may protect your skin from the harmful influence of sun, wind and pollution. What is more, you should not save your money on eye creams whose quality may be recognized by the presence of such elements as retinol which will support the regeneration of cells and make your wrinkles shallow. A proper make-up for 30-year-olds should mainly conceal the effects of daily work and life, and stand out with elegance. In order to do that, apply a light but covering foundation, lighten your face with a bit of rouge, and highlight your eyes with a line and mascara. Moreover, consider using a pink eyeshadow as it will make you look younger and add some freshness to your look.

40 YEARS HAVE PASSED …

When you are getting older, the structure of your collagen and elastine fibres changes. This is usually manifested by the loss of suppleness and springiness, the deepening of wrinkles and the slowing down of cells regeneration. Your skin loses its natural resistance and starts developing more and more wrinkles. What is more, the circulation to your skin is also deteriorated. When you are nearly 50 years old and you undergo menopause, the biggest changes in your body start occurring. You cannot stop ageing, however, you may delay it a bit with the use of proper preparations.
Your mature skin is in need of lifting and strongly regenerative cosmetics. Active substances which are contained in these products should mainly moisturize your skin deeply and for a long time as well as nourish and energise it. Moreover, these preparations should increase the production of collagen and protect your skin from free radicals. They should also make your skin smoother, brighter and fresher. Your cosmetics should contain vitamins E, C and A, beta-Carotene and coenzyme Q10 as these elements will mainly contribute to the production of collagen. Products which contain retinoic acid will definitely make your skin look brighter and smoother. What is more, it is your hands that will particularly reveal your age.

Therefore, a proper care of your hands is of utmost importance. You should make sure that your nails look aesthetically, while the skin at your hands is healthy and youthful. In order to ensure that, use lightening masks for hands, which will improve your greyish skin and discolorations. If you would like to regenerate your hands fast, apply a thick layer of a nourishing cream, and then put on one-time plastic gloves for 15 minutes. If you are in your mature years, you may please yourself a bit by taking advantage of services offered by beauty salons where you may order such specialist treatments as the nourishing, oxygenating, moisturizing and supple ones. If you decide to undergo such a treatment, your beautician will take care of your shoulders, neck and the area of lips. According to “the less, the better” rule, your make-up should be subdued. What is more, any irregularities on your face may be concealed with a lifting or lightening foundation. Do not experiment with colours, except for a colourful lipstick which should not shine.

Skin care tricks

From the very young age, you may start using an anti-cellulite cream for a daily care of your bust. This will make your skin cope better with pregnancy, weight changes and passing time. First and foremost, you should learn to remove your make-up every evening and you should make this your daily habit. Water will not remove the rest of cosmetics from your face, therefore, these remains will make your skin grey and full of pimples. What is more, you should consider the type of your skin when choosing a product to remove your make-up. When you put a cream on your face, it seems worth patting this cream into your neck since this is exactly the place which ages the fastest because it dries and goes slack the easiest.
You may apply the same cream to your neck as the one you use to your face. Moreover, peeling appears to be an easy way to make your face look fresh as peeling will contribute to removing the dead epidermis. You may carry out peeling at home while taking a shower with special gels containing peeling grains or when bathing.

Use a concealer which contains grains reflecting the light to hide any irregularities near your eyes and at your face. If you wish to paint your eye intensively, your skin near eyes must be perfect. Putting a layer of rouge on your cheeks will make you look girlishly. Not only will this allow you to shape your face, but also rouge will refresh your look and highlight your cheekbones. Eyebrows are said to be of great importance as far as your face expression is concerned. Beautifully shaped eyebrows will have a strong influence on the final reception of your look and will give your face a specific facial expression. What is more, do not overdo when regulating your eyebrows as their shape should resemble the natural shape of eyebrows in general. Hair should be removed only above the bottom line of your eyebrows and always two or three hours before leaving or putting a make-up. If your hair is thin and too delicate, you may make it seem dark with an eyebrow pencil or you may dye your eyebrows in
a beauty salon. Each woman dreams of having long, curled, thick and flirtatious eyebrows.
Good mascara cannot sensitize or disturb you as its main aim is to extend, thicken, curl and separate them. Before you apply mascara, you may also use an eyelash curler to curl your eyebrows.

Skin care in winter

In winter, a proper care of your skin causes more problems than in summer. It is so because you expose your skin to a constant thermal shock during winter months. At first, you spend a night in a warm (or even in a very warm) and usually dried up flat. Then, you go to your work and that is when a thermal shock happens! This issue is usually manifested when your skin starts reddening or stinging. Therefore, when coming back inside to your flat or office, do not warm your face too fast by coming too close to a radiator or a heater. You have to let your skin gradually adjust to a different temperature. When you are at home, it is worth hanging humidifiers on radiators. You may also do the same trick in your office! Bear in mind that it is not frost which is one of the greatest enemies of your skin in winter. It is your own dry and overheated flat and office. Try ventilating them as ventilation and moisturizing are necessary not only for your good look, but also for your health.
Moreover, in winter, more than ever, do not forget about taking vitamin C which has a beneficial impact on the whole body, including your skin. However, the best idea would be to drink rosehip juice or tea regularly. But if you do not drink it on a regular basis, then you should at least take vitamin C in tablet form.
In winter, do not wash your face with soap. This rule applies particularly to people with sensitive skin. You should preferably wash your face with a cleansing milk or a skin tonic. However, if you are in need of washing your face with water, use special and delicate gels for that.
You should also consider face peel treatment once a week as this will definitely facilitate the absorption of creams and make your skin look fresh and healthy.
You need to put on your make-up very carefully now. In winter, creams and powders do not only emphasize your beauty, but they also constitute a kind of protective duvet. In the morning, it is worth patting a fatty cream into your skin. After several minutes, pat also a fluid powder and finish your look with putting a loose powder all over your face.
Moreover, pay a particular attention to your lips and skin in eye area. Put a thick layer of protective lipstick on your lips. Then, protect your skin near eyes with a special eye cream. Bear in mind that a face cream is not enough in this case. Skin in this area is particularly sensitive and delicate, therefore, it calls for a special cream.

Strengthen your skin in eye area in your thirties

Your skin becomes drier and drier. First mimic wrinkles near your eyes and lips start to develop.

Oil glands produce less fat, therefore, your epidermis is deprived of its natural protective layer. To remove your make-up, apply only soft preparations which will not dry your skin.

  • Continue moisturizing and protecting your skin from the sun. If you have dry skin, use such creams which contain greasy elements.
  • For a night, use products which contain regenerative substances, e.g. ceramides.
  • Carry out peeling twice a month, preferably enzymatic peeling as this one will contribute to dissolving dead cells of your epidermis delicately.
  • Take care of your skin near eyes very carefully. Use special creams for that. You may remove shadows and swelling with home-made products, e.g. compresses of tea.
  • If your blood vessels tend to break, use creams containing chestnut tree extracts, rutin and vitamin K or P.
  • Treat your skin with a strengthening treatment twice a year, preferably in spring and autumn. Frost, wind and sun make your skin weaker. For several weeks, use such cosmetics which contain oxygen or coenzyme Q10.
  • Use moisturizing lotion to improve the overall form of your skin.

Smooth the skin on your neck in your forties

Focus on an intensive regeneration. Anti-wrinkle products will help you delay the process of ageing. Your epidermis regenerates slower. When you were 20 years old, the regeneration of epidermis took 28 days. Now it takes as long as 20 days. However, a proper care will help you speed this process up.

  • Continue cleansing your skin like you did when you were in your thirties.
  • Exfoliate the calloused epidermis once a week. New cells will develop faster,
  • while your skin will have a nice colour. Use delicate peeling or fruit acid-based preparations.
  • For a day, use regenerative creams, preferably these which contain oxygen or coenzyme Q10. Consider using such creams which also have UV filters or antioxidants.
  • In the evening, use cosmetics which contain retinol (i.e. vitamin A). Given the fact that they have a strong effect, perform a sensitivity test before applying them. Put a cream on the skin behind your ear. If you do not develop any allergy within 24 hours, you may continue using this cosmetic. Do not use cosmetics which contain retinol near your eyes unless a manufacturer has claimed that this is safe.
  • Apply lifting masks once a week as they will smooth your wrinkles.
  • Take care of your neck and shoulders very carefully. Considering using specialist creams and masks.
  • Pay more attention to your skin near lips. Ordinary protective and moisturizing preparations will not suffice. Instead, considering using smoothing lotion.